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Rulings about Names in Islam
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad , is His Slave and Messenger.
The basic ruling regarding names is permissibility. Nothing of them are prohibited nor disliked except what implies a meaning that entails prohibition or dislikeability, such as the names that imply enslavement to other than Allaah The Almighty and are thus prohibited, or the names that imply commendation and are thus disliked. The name “Aayah” does not imply a meaning that is Islamically prohibited and thus there is nothing wrong with using it as a name.
Aayah linguistically means “sign” and everything in this universe is one of the signs of Allaah The Almighty that indicate His absolute power and greatness, and humans are one of those signs.
Finally, it is more appropriate for the Muslim to choose for his children the names of the Prophets, and of the male and female companions and righteous predecessors.
Allaah Knows best.
Using Abdul as a Name
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad , is His slave and Messenger.
It appears – Allaah knows best – that this word, even if it has no meaning, is permissible to use as a family’s surname, however, it is more appropriate to use names that have a good meaning. The males and females are included in the family that has this surname without any difference between them.
As regards the names which you mentioned in the question, it is permissible to name with them. However, it is better to choose from them a name of a woman who was known for her righteousness, like Saarah (Sara), ‘Aasiyah (Asia) and Maryam (Mary).
Allaah Knows best.
Giving Child More than One Names
All perfect praise be to Allaah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, and that Muhammad is His slave and Messenger.
It is permissible to name the newborn child with more than one name as long as there is no prohibition in such names. The Prophet had many names but he had five well-known names which were mentioned in the Hadeeth (narration) which reads: ”I am Muhammad, Ahmad, Al-Maahi (by whom Allaah eradicates disbelief), Al-Haashir (after whose resurrection people will be resurrected and will collect around him) and Al-‘Aaqib (after whom there will be no prophet or messenger)” [Al-Bukhaari and Muslim]
Allaah Knows best.
1) What are the rulings for naming a child?
2) My in-laws follow this custom, that once a boy is born the circumcision is done only on 10th Muharram. What are the rulings for this? They say once someone tried to go against it and the life of the child was at sake.
Allaah Knows the best.
When to Name a Muslim Child
The Hadith about when a Muslim child is to be named falls into two classes:
1. Those which mention naming the child on the seventh day after the birth. Like the Hadith of Samurah – (RA) who said: Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said:
“Every child is held in pledge for his’ Aqeeqah which is sacrificed for him on his seventh day, and he is named on it and his head is shaved” (Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and the remaining 3 Sunan)
The Hadith that the Messenger (SAW) ordered that the child be named on the seventh day, that the harm be removed from him and the sacrifice (the ‘Aqeeqah) be performed. (Reported by Al-Tirmidhee)
2. And those which indicate naming the child on the day of its birth. From these is the Hadith of Anas (RA) who said: Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said:
“A boy was born to me this night and I have given him the name of my forefather Ibrahim. (Reported by Muslim and Abu Dawud)
Allah’s Messenger (SAW) also named ‘Abdullaah ibn Abee Taihah. (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) Another baby was brought to him after birth and he called it al-Mundhir (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) and there are many examples like this.
So from the previous Hadith we can see that the time for giving the name is something flexible – and all praise and thanks are for Allah (SWT) – so it may be named on the day of the birth, or delayed until the seventh day after birth – just as it is allowed between the two and later on. However, the time when it is recommended to name the child is the seventh day after the birth since that occurs in the words of the
Prophet (SWT) and so it is taken to be a recommendation, and the Hadith mentioning the day of its birth report the Prophet’s (SAW) action – and are, therefore, taken to show & what is permissible.
Who names the child
The father and mother are the ones who are to choose a good name for their child, but if they disagree about the name, then the father has the right to choose the name. If he wishes, he may name it himself and if he wishes, he may give the choice to his wife, and if he wishes he may draw lots with her.
The fact that naming the child is the right of the father is shown by the fact that the child in this world is ascribed and attributed to his father. Allah (SWT) says:
“Call them (adopted sons) by (the names of) their fathers, that is more just in the Sight of Allah…” (Surah Al-Ahzab 33:5)
They will likewise be ascribed to him on the Day of Resurrection, and he (SAW) said:
“For every treacherous one a banner will be raised saying: This is the treachery of so and so, son of so and so.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and others)
And the Hadith:
“On the Day of Resurrection, you will be called by your names and your fathers names, so make your names good.” (Reported by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and other)
It is also allowed for the parents to allow someone else to choose the name his grandfather, or grandmother, or someone else, i.e. that they should say: ‘Call him so and so’, or ‘Your name is so and so’, or ‘His name is so and so’ etc., since our Messenger and teacher Muhammad (SAW) used to name some of the children of his Companions – for example he named ‘Abdullah ibn Abee Talhah as has preceded and he said to a man: “Call your son ‘Abdur-Rahman.” (Reported by Al-Bukhari and Muslim) And just as he named his grand children – the children of Fatimah. Her husband ‘Ali (RA) said: “When al-Hasan was born, I called him ‘Harb’ (war), then the Prophet (SAW) came and said: “Show me my son, what have you called him?” We said: “Harb.” He said, “Rather he is Hasan.” Then when al-Husayn was born I called him Harb, then the Prophet (SAW) came and said, “Show me my son, what have you called him?” We said, “Harb.” He said, “Rather he is Husayn.” Then the third was born I called him Harb, then the Prophet (SAW) came and said, “Show me my son, what have you called him?” We said, “Harb.” He said, “Rather he is Muhassin.” Then he said, ” I have called them with the names of the children of Haaroon: Shabbar and Shabeer and Mushabbir.” (Reported by Ahmad and Al-Bukhari in ‘al-Adabul-Mufrad and declared Sahih by al-Haafiz in ‘al-Isaabah. Declared weak by Shaikh al-Albaanee in his checking of: ‘al-Adabul-Mufrad’)
The Rulings for Naming the Miscarried Fetus and the one who dies before being names
If it happens that the new-born child dies before it is named, then it is prescribed to give the child a name in this case – just as other children are named, and Funeral Prayer is said upon him, and the rulings for the deceased apply to him. As regards the fetus that is miscarried before the completion of six months – and that is the earliest that life would have been possible for it – then the scholars of the Shaafi’ees and the Hanbalees hold that it is recommended to name him, and they add that if the sex of the fetus is unclear then it should be given a name suitable for either such as: Talhah, Rajaa, Hind and Tarafah. Their support for the first and second questions is that the child will be called on the Day of Resurrection by his name, and this is a good and reasonable argument – if Allah (SWT) wills.
It should also be noted that there are some Hadith reported concerning the encouragement to name the miscarried fetus, however, nothing from them is authentic – and Allah (SWT) knows best.
Websites for Islamic Names-
Excellent articles about Islamic names:
- List of Muslim girls’ names and their meanings.
- List of Muslim boys’ names and their meanings.
- Manners of Welcoming the New Born Child in Islam by Yoosuf ibn Abdullaah Al-’Areefee
- The Islamic Naming System by Dr. Abu Ameenah Bilal Philips
- Prohibited Names in Islam by Yoosuf ibn Abdullaah Al-’Areefee
- Praiseworthy Names.
- Naming Issues in Islam.
- The Fiqh of Naming Children (according to the Shafi`i school)
- Call Them by Their Fathers’ Names by Sheikh Wajdi al-Ghazzawi
- New Muslim Convert: Is Changing My Name Necessary? By Dr. Muzammil Siddiqi
- Guyana Muslim Names
Credits in Chronological Order
Sūra I.: Fātiḥa, or the Opening Chapter.
1. Bismi Allahi alrrahmani alrraheemi
1. In the name of God, Most Gracious, Most Merciful.
2. Alhamdu lillahi rabbi alAAalameena
2. Praise be to God, The Cherisher and Sustainer of the Worlds;
3. Alrrahmani alrraheemi
3. Most Gracious, Most Merciful;
4. Maliki yawmi alddeeni
4. Master of the Day of Judgment.
5. Iyyaka naAAbudu wa-iyyaka nastaAAeenu
5. Thee do we worship, And Thine aid we seek.
6. Ihdina alssirata almustaqeema
6. Show us the straight way,
7. Sirata allatheena anAAamta AAalayhim ghayri almaghdoobi AAalayhim wala alddalleena
7. The way of those on whom Thou hast bestowed Thy Grace, Those whose (portion) Is not wrath, And who go not astray.
‘Bismillah hirrahman nirraheem’
Sallalahu Ala Muhammad Sallaahu Alayhe Wa Alehi Wasallam
Some ahaadith regarding ‘aqiq from the book’
“The Glad Tidings of Mustafa peace be upon him for the Shi’ah of Murtadha alayhis salam”
I didn’t type the full isnaads, but if you want them, just ask.
Ibn ‘Abbas said:
“I heard the Messenger of Allah pbuh.gif tell ‘Ali ibn Abi Taleb as.gif to wear an ‘aqiq (agate) ring on his right hand because those who wear it have a quality that Allah (SWT) has given to those who are close to Him.” ’Ali as.gif asked the Prophet pbuh.gif “Who are those who are close to Allah?” The Prophet pbuh.gif replied “Jebraail, Mikhaail and the angels between them.” ’Ali as.gif asked “What kind of ‘aqiq should I wear?” The Prophet pbuh.gif replied, “Choose the red ‘aqiq because the mountain of the red ‘aqiq testified that there is no god but Allah, that I am the Messenger of Allah, that you are my heir, that your sons are Imaams, that your Shi’ah will go to Paradise, and that those who hate them will go to Hell.
- Manaqeb al-Khawarezmi 233, Manaqeb al-Moghazeli 281, al-’Omdah 378
Bashir ad-Dahhan said:
I asked Abi Ja’far Mohammad ibn ‘Ali alayhis salam, “What kind of stone should I use for my ring?”
He replied: “Red ‘aqiq, yellow ‘aqiq or white ‘aqiq because these three mountains are in Paradise. The mountain of red ‘aqiq overlooks the house of the Prophet pbuh.gif, the mountain of yellow ‘aqiq overlooks the house of Fatemah (SA), and the mountain of white ‘aqiq overlooks the house of ‘Ali ibn Abi Taleb as.gif, and these three houses are one house. Three rivers run from under the three mountains of ‘aqiq. Their water is colder than ice, sweeter than honey, and whiter than milk. No one except Mohammad pbuh.gif, his Family, and their Shi’ah can drink from these rivers. The three mountains of ‘aqiq sanctify, glorify and praise Allah, and seek forgiveness for those who love the Family of the Prophet peace be upon him. So those Shi’ah who wear ‘aqiq will see nothing but good and blessings in their sustenance and health, and they will be protected from all troubles.
‘Aqiq protects Shi’ah from unjust rulers and from everything else which causes fear.”
- Amaali of Tousi 1:36
It has been reported on the authority of Imaam Sadeq alayhis salam:
“The Messenger of Allah said: Allah says: a servant who raises his hands towards Me while wearing a ring with turquoise (firouzah), I will be ashamed of returning him disappointed. -
Imaam Sadeq alayhis salam has said:
“There is no hand more beloved than one wearing a ring with ‘aqiq (agate) raised towards Allah. -
It has been reported on the authority of Imaam Redha alayhis salam:
“Whoever wears a ring with an ‘aqiq on it, firstly he will not become needy and secondly, what Allah has destined for him, will be good. – One day one of the associates of Imaam Redha as.gif along with a slave of governor passed by him. Imaam Redha as.gif said: “Give him a ring with ‘aqiq. The associates did so. They realized that man was never harmed in his life. Imaam Redha as.gif said: “Having ‘aqiq with you in trip, will safeguard you. – It has also been related on the authority of Imaam Redha as.gif “Whoever wears a ring with ‘aqiq in his right hand, if he reverts the ‘aqiq toward the palm of his hand in the morning before any one sees him, and recites Surat al-Qadr and then say: I believe in Allah who has no partner, and deny other Allah, but I believe in what is hidden from and manifest to the progeny of Mohammad (Sallalahu Ala Muhammad Sallaahu Alayhe Wa Alehi Wasallam) and I believe in their leadership, Allah will keep him safe on that day from the earthly and heavenly evils and keep him under His own protection and keep him under His own protection till night.
- Amir al-Momenin alayhis salam said:
“Wear a ring with ‘aqiq so that Allah will give you blessings and you will be safe from evils. — A man came to the Holy Prophet (S) complaining of highwaymen.
The Holy Prophet (Sallalahu Ala Muhammad Sallaahu Alayhe Wa Alehi Wasallam) said:
“Why weren’t you wearing a ring with ‘aqiq? This ring will safeguard man from all evil. Whoever wears a ring with ‘aqiq will end up in Allah as long as he is wearing that ring and Allah will protect him forever. Whoever makes a ring with ‘aqiq and the inscription: Mohammad, Messenger of Allah and Ali, friend of Allah, Allah will keep him from bad death and he will die a believer. No hand raised towards Allah is more beloved than a hand wearing a ring of ‘aqiq. Should a man wearing a ring of ‘aqiq draw lots, he will have a lion share.
- Allah created ‘aqiq following Prophet Mousa invocations in Mount Sinai and said:
“By Myself, I will not punish with Fire a hand wearing a ring of ‘aqiq provided he believes in the leadership of Ali.
- Allah has said:
“Performing two Rakaat of prayer with a ring of ‘aqiq is equal to a thousand Rakaat without it.
Some traditions on wearing rings from the book “Tahdhib ul Islam”:
Another tradition states that Imam Ali alayhis salam used to wear four rings on his hand -
- One of ruby (Yaqut) for beauty and dignity,
- The second of Turquoise (Firuza) for obtaining Divine help and victory,
- The third of Hadid Chini for strength, and
- The fourth of Aqiq (Agate) to protect himself against enemies and all types of misfortunes.
The metal of the ring should be made of silver. It is makruh (and according to another tradition haraam for men) for both men and women to wear rings made out of iron, steel, or brass.
According to Imam Jaffer as-Sadiq alayhis salam, the Holy Prophet peace be upon him used to wear a silver ring.
According to Imam Jaffer Sadiq alayhis salam the Holy Prophet (Sallalahu Ala Muhammad Sallaahu Alayhe Wa Alehi Wasallam) used to wear the ring on the first finger of his right hand and has prohibited to wear it ont he middle finger.
The Imam (A.S.) further instructs that the ring should be worn at the lowest end of the finger, where it joins the palm. Also the ring should be worn on the right hand, although some traditions do allow it to be worn on the left also.
- AQIQ OR CORNELIAN
According to a reliable tradition from Imam Ali Riza alayhis salam wearing a ring set in which Aqiq not only drives away poverty but also removes ill-feelings and dissolves differences from the hearts.
According to Imam Jaffer as-Sadiq (A.S.) this stone ensures one’s safety if worn during traveling.
Another tradition states that praying 2 rakats namaaz while wearing an Aqiq ring is better than praying a thousand rakats without it. Other traditions state that there are mountains of red, yellow, and white aqiq in Heaven. These mountains shade the palaces of the Holy Prophet as.gif, Bibi Fatimah as.gif, and Imam Ali as.gif and are forever praising and glorifying Allah. This stone also had affirmed the Oneness of Allah, the Prophethood of Muhammad, the vicegerency of Ali and paradise for the friends and Shi’ahs of Ali alayhis salam. A person wearing any one of these aqiqs he will derive its benefits, his sustenance (rizq) will be increased, and he will be protected from dangers, disasters, misfortunes, and accidents. It will also be a protection for him in frightening and terrifying circumstances, like facing the oppression of a tyrant.
- FEROZA(TURQUOISE) AND JAZ-E-YAMANI
According to Imam Jaffer Sadiq (A.S.) a person who wears a ring set with turquoise (Firuza) will never become dependent on others. According to the Holy Prophet (S.A.) if a person prays to Allah while wearing rings set in with Firuza (turquoise) and Aqiq (cornelian), Allah does not turn the prayers down unanswered.
In another tradition, Imam Musa Kazim as.gif says the feroza stone was brought by Jibrail alayhis salam as a gift from heaven to the Holy Prophet peace be upon him. The Prophet had passed it to Hazrat Ali and it had come down to him through his Holy line of ancestors.
- YAQUT (RUBY), ZABERJAD (JADE), AND ZAMARRUD (EMERALD)
According to 3 reliable traditions from Imam Ali Riza (alayhis salam)
Wearing a ring of yaqut (ruby) drives away anxieties and worries. According to Imam Musa Kazim (alayhis salam) it solves problems and eases difficulties and hardships.
- DURR E NAJAF, BILLORE HADID CHINI & OTHER STONES
According to a reliable tradition, Mufazzal ibna Umar visisted Imam Jaffer Sadiq alayhis salam one day while wearign a ring set in whith Durr-e-Najaf. On seeing the ring the Imam addressed Mufazzal and said that the very sight of this ring [Durr-e-Najaf makes hte heart of all Muslim beleivers, whether male or female happy and it cures pain in their eyes. The Imam continued that he would like every faithful to have five rings on his hand -
The first of Yaqut (ruby) as it is the best of gems,
The second of Aqiq as this stone has sincere love for Allah and the Ahl ul Bayt,
The third ring should be of Firuza (turquoise) as it gives strength and light to the eyes, expands one’s wisdom and outlook, and strengthens the heart. Whenever a faithful sets out for a definite purpose with a turquoise ring on his hand, he always accomplishes his purpose.
Fourthly he should possess a ring set in with Hadid Chini, but it should not be worn constantly. It should be worn for self-protection when confronting a tyrant or oppressor of whose wickedness one if afraid of. it is also advisable to possess this stone as it wards off the devil. And the fifth ring should be of that particular stone (Durre Najaf) which is found only in the land of Najaf. When a person glances towards his ring n Durr-e-Najaf on his hands, he receives the reward for Ziyarat, Hajj and Umrah for every glance, and it is included in his record of actions. This rewards is equal to the reward of Prophets and pious people. Had Allah not been merciful towards the Shias, He would have made Durr e Najaf a rare gem so that each stone of it would have been costly, but Allah had made this stone easily available so that both the rich and the poor could wear and benefit from it.
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Being patient is not something that comes naturally. Patience is a skill. Here are some ways to strengthen this skill.
1) Try to figure out the reason of your impatience. If you are very busy, make sure you know exactly why it is so. Once you have pinpointed what things you are in such a hurry to finish, be sure to spread them out so you do things one at a time.
Arif Alikhan – Assistant Secretary for Policy Development for the U.S. Department of Homeland Security.
Mohammed Elibiary – Homeland Security Adviser.
Rashad Hussain – Special Envoy to the (OIC) Organization of the Islamic Conference.
Salam al-Marayati – Obama Adviser, founder of Muslim Public Affairs Council and its current executive director.
Imam Mohamed Magid – Obama’s Sharia Czar – Islamic Society of North America.
Bismillaah hirrahmaan nirraheem
“Sallalaahu Ala Muhammad Sallalaahu Alayhi Wa Alehi Wa Sallam”
Some Powerful and Effective Wazaif to be performed in the night
A very new Compilation of Various duas and Wazaif for all serious problems and hajats!!
With Names of Almighty Allaah Subhanahu Wata Ala
“Amliyat ki Maqbool Alami Kitaab”
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